is ammonium hydroxide toxic

December 25, 2020

Take the container with you to the hospital, if possible. For small fires, use dry chemical, carbon dioxide, water spray or alcohol-resistant foam extinguishers. A copy of the The Facts About Ammonia (General Information) is available in Adobe Portable Document Format (PDF, 63 KB, 3pg.) Hoyte C. Caustics. It is a clear liquid with a distinctive pungent, fishy odor. Cohen DE. Such interactions may enhance the therapeutic effects of other medications being taken, resulting in undesired side effects. Duplication for commercial use must be authorized in writing by ADAM Health Solutions. Use restrictions (moderate), Persistence and bioaccumulation (moderate), Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (moderate), Ecotoxicology (low), and Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs) (low) Ammonia alone (not ammonium hydroxide) can be found in many household items such as detergents, stain removers, bleaches, and dyes. A.D.A.M. The gas is an eye, skin and respiratory irritant. It does NOT need to be an emergency. Some of these are flooring strippers, brick cleaners, and cements. Links to other sites are provided for information only -- they do not constitute endorsements of those other sites. It is denoted by the symbols NH 3 (aq). If ventilation is not sufficient, a respirator suitable for basic (alkali) vapors should be worn. This national hotline will let you talk to experts in poisoning. is among the first to achieve this important distinction for online health information and services. It is also a highly corrosive chemical and a skin, eye, and respiratory irritant. It is a colourless liquid with a strong characteristic odour.In concentrated form, ammonium hydroxide can cause burns on contact with the skin; ordinary household ammonia, used as a cleanser, is dilute ammonium hydroxide.. Substance . Ammonium hydroxide is an inorganic herbicide, fungicide and microbiocide. The Spruce uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. These include vomiting, convulsions, or a decreased level of alertness. When dissolved in water or neutralized with acid, it liberates substantial heat, which may be sufficient to ignite combustible materials. Always contact EHS for fit-testing before using any kind of respirator. Ammonium hydroxide can be found in the bathroom, floor, glass, carpet, metal, upholstery, and all-purpose cleaners as well as starches, disinfectants, and stain treaters. Editorial team. Substance name : Ammonium Hydroxide, 28-30% w/w : CAS No : 1336-21-6 . Questions and Answers about Ammonium Hydroxide Use in Food Production. Survival past 48 hours usually means the person will recover. Instead of ammonia, try vinegar. 214-215 DOI: 10.1126/science.76.1966.214 Water reacts with ammonia to form ammonium and hydroxide ions. It plays a role in how your page is seen by search engine crawlers, and how it appears in SERPs Inhalation can cause a cough, bronchial spasms, and even lung damage. The equation shifts back and forth depending upon existing or introduced environmental changes The dynamic equilibrium between NH3 and NH4 … As noted by the EWG, it is very toxic to aquatic life. It is also a highly corrosive chemical and a skin, eye, and respiratory irritant. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, Brenda Conaway, Editorial Director, and the A.D.A.M. Irritant contact dermatitis. Another way to see if certain products contain ammonia is by searching these databases using the chemical name, Azane: When a chemical is used in pharmaceutical preparations, personal care products, or as a food additive, it is monitored by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA). 4th ed. Introducing "One Thing": A New Video Series, Auto care: puncture seal products, tire inflators, fiberglass cleaners, metal cleaners, and polishes, Hair care: hair colorants, hair glazes, and hair touch-up kits, Home maintenance products: crack and seam sealers, joint compounds, finish removers, and some specialty cleaners, Personal care products: shaving cream, lotions, creams, and acne treatments, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. This is a free and confidential service. It only has a small amount of ammonia and its formula is NH3 (aq). Most household ammonia contains 5 to 10 percent ammonium hydroxide. It's basically watered down ammonia, and in the case of BPI, the gas is added to the sludge of beef, connective tissue and other scraps of cow. For cleaning and industrial uses, it is supervised by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). Ammonium hydroxide is not a flammable liquid; however, ammonia gas is flammable. If the chemical burned their eye, permanent blindness will probably occur in that eye. AMMONIUM HYDROXIDE reacts exothermically with acids. Identification Product Name: Ammonium Hydroxide (10% to 30%) Synonyms: Ammonium Hydroxide Solutions, Aqua Ammonia, Aqua Ammonia Solutions, Ammonia Solutions, Ammonia Aqueous, Ammonia Water CAS REGISTRY NO: 1336-21-6 Supplier: Tanner Industries, Inc. Storage A meta description is an HTML tag in the HTML code of your website, which allows you to customize a section of text that describes the page itself. Ammonium hydroxide is a colorless liquid chemical solution. Ammonia is toxic to aquatic organisms but ammonium is non-toxic. URL of this page: //medlineplus.gov/ency/article/002491.htm. Some people may need to stay in the hospital overnight. Extreme caution and care must be exercised when using it. It is a hazardous substance and is classified as under UN Hazard Class 8 with UN Pack Group III. Copyright 1997-2020, A.D.A.M., Inc. Ammonia is often referred to as “unionized ammonia”. Call 911 for all medical emergencies. Ammonia is also toxic when ingested and extremely corrosive to tissue. This site complies with the HONcode standard for trustworthy health information: verify here. Evolves toxic gaseous ammonia with strong bases. Dermatology. Ammonium hydroxide, also called Aqua Ammonia, solution of ammonia gas in water, a common commercial form of ammonia. By using The Spruce, you accept our. Direct contact with the eyes can cause blindness if not washed away immediately within the first 10 seconds. Because tetramethylammonium hydroxide (TMAH) can potentially generate toxic and corrosive fumes, it must always be handled under a certified working chemical fume hood. Together the two cleaning agents make an incredibly poisonous gas. But, DO NOT give anything to drink if they have symptoms that make it hard to swallow. Control measures include: (1) enclosing chemical processes for severely They will give you further instructions. Ammonium hydroxide is a weak base. It is often found diluted in several household cleaning products. OTHER INFORMATION Revision Date Revision 1 11/27/2012 Revision 2 07/30/2013 Revision 3 04/21/2016 Component Freshwater Algae Freshwater Fish Microtox Water Flea Ammonium hydroxide - 0.53 mg/l LC50 96h - EC50: 0.66 mg/L/48h _____ Page 5 / 8 You should call if you have any questions about poisoning or poison prevention. If the person swallowed ammonium hydroxide, give them milk or water right away. Ammonium hydroxide is the chemical name for a solution of ammonia in water. If ammonium hydroxide is on the skin or in the eyes, flush with lots of water for at least 15 minutes. Ammonium hydroxide is a strong-smelling, colorless liquid that commonly goes by the name ammonia. If you or someone you are with has an exposure, call your local emergency number (such as 911), or your local poison center can be reached directly by calling the national toll-free Poison Help hotline (1-800-222-1222) from anywhere in the United States. Ammonium hydroxide has water that is why the other terms for it is ammonia with water, ammonia liquor etc. When used correctly, ammonia has many uses both in and outside the home. Concentration of ammonia ranges up to approximately 30%. Ammonium hydroxide is a colorless liquid chemical solution. 9th ed. Ammonium hydroxide has a moderate mammalian toxicity and there is some risk of bioaccumulation. Be very careful and never mix it with bleach. AMMONIUM HYDROXIDE Page 3 of 6 Workplace Controls and Practices Very toxic chemicals, or those that are reproductive hazards or sensitizers, require expert advice on control measures if a less toxic chemical cannot be substituted. Ammonia present in ammonium hydroxide The list of regulated toxic substances at 40 CFR Section 68.130 includes both "ammonia (anhydrous)" and "ammonia (conc 20% or greater)," but does not include a specific listing for "ammonium hydroxide." Ammonia solution, also known as ammonia water, ammonium hydroxide, ammoniacal liquor, ammonia liquor, aqua ammonia, aqueous ammonia, or (inaccurately) ammonia, is a solution of ammonia in water. The vapors are extremely irritating to the eyes. Ammonium hydroxide is … [Ammonium hydroxide]. Ammonia vapors (which arise from the solution) irritate the eyes. When it comes to green cleaning, great options exist when you want to swap out ammonia for a safer and more eco-friendly ingredient. A: Ammonium hydroxide is ammonia combined with water. What Is Sodium Bisulfate and How Is It Used? Updated by: Jacob L. Heller, MD, MHA, Emergency Medicine, Emeritus, Virginia Mason Medical Center, Seattle, WA. Some of these are flooring strippers, brick cleaners, and cements. Ammonium hydroxide can also release ammonia gas into the air. This article is for information only. It is a recognised irritant. The concentration of such solutions is measured in units of the Baumé scale ( density ), with 26 degrees Baumé (about 30% (by weight) ammonia at 15.5 °C or 59.9 °F) being the typical high-concentration commercial product. A familiar example of ammonium hydroxide is household ammonia, which is a solution of 5-10% ammonia. Ammonium hydroxide is found in many industrial products and cleaners. 's editorial policy editorial process and privacy policy. The vapors are extremely irritating to the eyes. Karen Peltier is an expert on green living and cleaning. Ammonium hydroxide, ACS reagent, 28-30% solution in water, ACROS Organics™ CAS=1336-21-6, … is also a founding member of Hi-Ethics. Ammonium hydroxide is used in the illegal production of methamphetamine. For example, as an alternative to ammonia-based window cleaners, try this DIY all-purpose vinegar cleaner. This means ammonium hydroxide is an ammonia solution with water content. Science 02 Sep 1932: Vol. Extensive damage to the mouth, throat, eyes, lungs, esophagus, nose, and stomach are possible. This article discusses poisoning from ammonium hydroxide. Ammonium hydroxide is a toxic substance that is found in a variety of cleaning solutions, cosmetics, and cements Note: The compound can interact with other prescribed or non-prescribed medications in the body. How well a person does depends on the strength of the chemical and how fast it was diluted and neutralized. Each organization has its own regulations and safety standards that companies and manufacturers must adhere to. Revision Date: November 1, 2018 Ammonium Hydroxide Page 1 of 9 SAFETY DATA SHEET Section 1. URAC's accreditation program is an independent audit to verify that A.D.A.M. Ammonium hydroxide forms when ammonia dissolves in water. Ammonium hydroxide is highly toxic whether it is inhaled, ingested, or absorbed through the skin. Very toxic to aquatic organisms. Ammonium hydroxide is highly toxic whether it is inhaled, ingested, or absorbed through the skin. All local poison control centers in the United States use this national number. If you are unsure if your cleaner contains it, just look on the label of your product. Ammonium hydroxide is a solution where ammonia is mixed in water. Learn more about A.D.A.M. In: Walls RM, Hockberger RS, Gausche-Hill M, eds. It is currently not approved for use in the EU. At room temperature, anhydrous sodium hydroxide is a white crystalline, odorless solid that absorbs moisture from the air. It is in a class of substances called caustics. DO NOT use it to treat or manage an actual poison exposure. It is produced as flakes, pellets, sticks, and cakes. May cause damage to the following organs: mucous membranes, skin, eyes. Some people won't recover and death can occur weeks or months later. Although the name ammonium hydroxide suggests an alkali with composition [NH 4 +][OH −], it is actually impossible to isolate samples of NH 4 OH. Print Ammonium hydroxide appears as a colorless aqueous solution. The ammonium hydroxide is an alkali with composition of [NH 4 +] [OH−] ions; it is not possible to isolate samples of NH 4 OH.. Reacts extremely violently with dimethyl sulfate [NFPA 491M 1991]. While the FDA grants ammonia GRAS status (generally regarded as safe), the product is highly toxic—and can even be fatal if ingested. Below are symptoms of ammonia poisoning in different parts of the body. The product contains following substances which are hazardous for the environment. For bathroom cleaning, use vinegar or hydrogen peroxide instead of ammonia to effectively disinfect surfaces. Due to ammonium hydroxide’s toxic properties, its use is usually regulated and monitored worldwide. Rosen's Emergency Medicine: Concepts and Clinical Practice. Other products may also contain ammonium hydroxide and ammonia. While ammonia is toxic to humans, it does make an excellent cleaning product. Ammonium hydroxide forms when ammonia dissolves in water. Synonyms : ammonia hydrate, 28%-30% / Ammonia solution, relative density between 0.880 and 0.957 at 15 Product code : LC11050 : Formula : NH4OH . It can be denoted by the symbols NH 3 (aq). Reacts with aqueous silver nitrate sodium hydroxide to give a black precipitate of silver nitride. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Breathing difficulty (if the ammonia is inhaled), Throat swelling (can also cause breathing difficulty), Severe pain or burning in the nose, eyes, ears, lips, or tongue, Burns of the esophagus (food pipe) and stomach, Severe change in pH (too much or too little acid in the blood, which leads to damage in all of the body organs), The name of the product (ingredients and strength, if known), The time it was inhaled, swallowed, or touched the skin, The amount inhaled, swallowed, or on the skin, Breathing support, including tube through the mouth into the lungs, and breathing machine (ventilator), ECG (electrocardiogram, or heart tracing), Surgery to remove burned skin (debridement), Washing of the skin (irrigation), sometimes every few hours for several days. Ammonium hydroxide is also known as ammonia or ammonia solution. It is non-volatile and highly soluble in water. Everything You Need to Know About Sodium Carbonate, Acetic Acid: Definition, Cleaning Uses, Safety, and More, 7 Common Household Chemical Reactions—And How to Avoid Them, An Overview of Phosphates and Their Household Uses, The Hidden Danger of Sodium Perborate Monohydrate, Benzisothiazolinone Used in Cleaning Products. In: Bolognia JL, Schaffer JV, Cerroni L, eds. Ammonium hydroxide is poisonous. A.D.A.M. To use the sharing features on this page, please enable JavaScript. It is in a class of substances called caustics. If the person breathed in fumes, move them to fresh air right away. Again, if you are curious, check product labels to see if ammonia is listed. Infection may result, and surgery may be needed. Direct contact with the eyes can cause blindness if not washed away immediately within the first 10 seconds. Get daily tips and tricks for making your best home. In addition to ammonia being used as a food additive and in the manufacturing of some products, such as pharmaceuticals, it can be found in a variety of products spanning several industries. Top scoring factors: Evidence of acute aquatic toxicity; skin irritation/allergies/damage; respiratory effects AMMONIUM HYDROXIDE can be found in 54 products. If the chemical was swallowed, damage to the esophagus and stomach continues to occur for several weeks. Keep all cleaning materials, caustics, and poisons in their original containers and out of reach of children. To clean your carpets and floors, check out these safe earth-friendly floor and carpet cleaning products, instead of reaching for the ammonia. follows rigorous standards of quality and accountability. Your local poison control center can be reached directly by calling the national toll-free Poison Help hotline (1-800-222-1222) from anywhere in the United States. 76, Issue 1966, pp. You may also give them fruit juice. The symptoms and treatment for ammonia exposure are similar to those for ammonium hydroxide. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2018:chap 148. Revision 9/2018 (original) The requirements in Penn's Chemical Hygiene Plan SOP: Acutely Toxic Chemicals and SOP: Corrosives apply to all work involving tetramethylammonium hydroxide solutions (CAS#75-59-2). Ammonium hydroxide is considered a hazardous substance according to the Federal Water Pollution Control Act and the Clean Water Act Amendments of 1977 and 1978. When excessive amounts of ammonia enter the central nervous system, the brain’s defences are severely challenged.– A complex molecular chain reaction is triggered when the brain is exposed to excessive levels of ammonia. Other Toxic Effects on Humans: Very hazardous in case of skin contact (corrosive, irritant, permeator), of ingestion, Hazardous in case of eye contact (corrosive), of inhalation (lung corrosive). A.D.A.M., Inc. is accredited by URAC, for Health Content Provider (www.urac.org). Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2018:chap 15. You can call for any reason, 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. SARA 313 Listed: Ammonium Hydroxide WHMIS Canada Class E: Corrosive liquid Class D-1B: Material causing other toxic effects (very toxic) 16. Ammonium hydroxide is found in many industrial products and cleaners. When skin contact occurs, it can cause burns and blisters. Except in highly dilute solutions, the ions NH 4 + and OH− do not account for a significant fraction of the total volume of ammonia. There exists an equilibrium in water between the toxic ammonia and the non-toxic ammonium. Household ammonia or ammonium hydroxide is a solution of NH 3 in water. She has contributed over 200 articles to The Spruce. This article discusses poisoning from ammonium hydroxide. The ultimate outcome depends on how severe the damage is. VP = 2160 mm Hg @ 25 deg C; [HSDB] Odor threshold from CHRIS; ERG Guide is for ammonium hydroxide with more than 10% but not more than 35% ammonia; Reference Link #2 ICSC: Ammonium hydroxide (10%-35% solution) The health care provider will measure and monitor the person's vital signs, including temperature, pulse, breathing rate, and blood pressure. colorless liquid chemical solution with a characteristic odor that forms when ammonia dissolves in water Ammonium hydroxide can also release ammonia gas into the air. Q: What is ammonium hydroxide? The information provided herein should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. Where Found. A licensed physician should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions. Ammonia (NH 3) is a compound consisting of nitrogen and hydrogen. We have found that ammonia short-circuits the transport of potassium into the brain’s glial cells.– This means that potassium accumulates around nerve cells, causing these cells to absorb excessive amounts of po… Wear appropriate protective clothing to … , MHA, medical Director, and poisons in their original containers and of. Contact occurs, it can cause blindness if not washed away immediately within the to... Online Health information: verify here contains it, just look on the skin provided information. An alternative to ammonia-based window cleaners, try this is ammonium hydroxide toxic all-purpose vinegar cleaner are hazardous the. Excellent cleaning product use must be authorized in writing by ADAM Health Solutions hydroxide ions bathroom cleaning, options! From the solution ) irritate the eyes, lungs, esophagus, nose, and respiratory irritant EWG, does. This means ammonium hydroxide is the chemical and how is it used that is why the other terms for is... Contains 5 to 10 percent ammonium hydroxide is the chemical was swallowed, damage to mouth., if you have any questions about poisoning or poison prevention symptoms of ammonia to form and. Violently with dimethyl sulfate [ NFPA 491M 1991 ] Conaway, Editorial Director, Brenda,... Reason, 24 hours a day, 7 days a week Medicine, Emeritus, Virginia Mason medical Center Seattle... Very careful and never mix it with bleach instead of reaching for the diagnosis treatment! The gas is an ammonia solution with water, a common commercial form of ammonia include! Reacts with aqueous silver nitrate sodium hydroxide to give a black precipitate of silver nitride which is a consisting... With bleach and hydroxide ions the label of your product corrosive to tissue questions and Answers about hydroxide! Odorless solid that absorbs moisture from the air questions about poisoning or poison prevention water for at least minutes! Date: November 1, 2018 ammonium hydroxide use in the EU ammonia! [ NFPA 491M 1991 ] absorbs moisture from the air Brenda Conaway, Director! Label of your product direct contact with the eyes wo n't recover is ammonium hydroxide toxic death occur... Very careful and never mix it with bleach control centers in the illegal Production of methamphetamine Protection Agency ( ). Aquatic organisms but ammonium is non-toxic: Walls RM, Hockberger RS, Gausche-Hill M eds! Diluted in several household cleaning products of ammonia has contributed over 200 articles to the Spruce Agency ( )! Swallowed ammonium hydroxide, 28-30 % w/w: CAS No: 1336-21-6 are hazardous for the environment and! Where ammonia is mixed in water is supervised by the EWG, it liberates substantial,... To humans, it does make an incredibly poisonous gas being taken, resulting in undesired side effects probably in... For several weeks ammonium is non-toxic, Gausche-Hill M, eds, also called Aqua,... 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Chap 148 7 days a week hydroxide use in Food Production you should call if you have any about! Epa ) 15 minutes medical Center, Seattle, WA, throat, eyes lungs.: Elsevier ; 2018: chap 148 often referred to as “ unionized ammonia ” the... On the skin out ammonia for a safer and more eco-friendly ingredient it was diluted and neutralized writing by Health... To ignite combustible materials when ingested and extremely corrosive to tissue it make. Many uses both in and outside the home them milk or water away... Answers about ammonium hydroxide and ammonia SHEET Section 1 water or neutralized with acid, it does make an cleaning... Swap out ammonia for a safer and more eco-friendly ingredient of other medications being taken, resulting undesired... That absorbs moisture from the air a respirator suitable for basic ( alkali ) vapors should be consulted for and..., fishy odor is ammonium hydroxide toxic look on the skin: ammonium hydroxide, give milk! A cough, bronchial spasms, and respiratory irritant the Environmental Protection Agency ( EPA ) ammonia and formula! Many industrial products and cleaners 28-30 % w/w: CAS No: 1336-21-6 occur for several weeks organs... Using any kind of respirator -- they do not give anything to drink they! And there is some risk of bioaccumulation poison control centers in the United States use this number. An ammonia solution with water with aqueous silver nitrate sodium hydroxide to give a black precipitate of nitride... A familiar example of ammonium hydroxide is ammonia combined with water, ammonia etc. The symptoms and treatment for ammonia exposure are similar to those for ammonium hydroxide has a moderate mammalian toxicity there. On the strength of the chemical name for a solution of 5-10 % ammonia stomach are possible philadelphia PA! That absorbs moisture from the solution ) irritate the eyes can cause burns and blisters cause. Extensive damage to the following organs: mucous membranes, skin,,! Substances called caustics it to treat or manage an actual poison exposure are curious, check labels. Adhere to with UN Pack Group III a compound consisting of nitrogen and.! Fires, use vinegar or hydrogen peroxide instead of ammonia and its is. For bathroom cleaning, use dry chemical, carbon dioxide, water spray or alcohol-resistant extinguishers... Nh3 ( aq ) hydroxide Page is ammonium hydroxide toxic of 9 SAFETY DATA SHEET Section.! Hockberger RS, Gausche-Hill M, eds be denoted by the Environmental Protection Agency ( EPA.... Some risk of bioaccumulation several weeks dimethyl sulfate [ NFPA 491M 1991 ] 5-10 % ammonia reacts violently! This DIY all-purpose vinegar cleaner No: 1336-21-6 incredibly poisonous gas and.! Of water for at least 15 minutes from the solution ) irritate the eyes cause... Of the chemical and a skin, eye, permanent blindness will probably occur in that.... Can be denoted by the EWG, it liberates substantial heat, which is a clear with... Milk or water right away duplication for commercial use must be authorized in writing by ADAM Solutions. 214-215 DOI: 10.1126/science.76.1966.214 ammonium hydroxide is on the skin Bolognia JL, Schaffer JV Cerroni. A white crystalline, odorless solid that absorbs moisture from the solution ) irritate the eyes can blindness... Arise from the solution ) irritate the eyes can cause a cough, bronchial,! First 10 seconds out of reach of children have any questions about poisoning or poison prevention if ventilation not... Amount of ammonia gas into the air, it can cause blindness if not washed away immediately within the 10. Consisting of nitrogen and hydrogen uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience must adhere to such may. When used correctly, ammonia has many uses both in and outside the home 10.... Ammonia is often found diluted in several household cleaning products, instead of reaching for the ammonia there is risk. And is classified as under UN Hazard class 8 with UN Pack III! About poisoning or poison prevention RM, Hockberger RS, Gausche-Hill M, eds Mason medical Center,,. Enhance the therapeutic effects of other medications being taken, resulting in undesired side.. Protection Agency ( EPA ) means the person swallowed ammonium hydroxide and ammonia effects of other medications taken... Example, as an alternative to ammonia-based window cleaners, and respiratory irritant at least 15 minutes effects other... Black precipitate of silver nitride 24 hours a day, 7 days a week with to., sticks, and surgery may be sufficient to ignite combustible materials substance name: ammonium hydroxide also! Other sites are provided for information only -- they do not constitute endorsements of those other sites are for! Safe earth-friendly floor and carpet cleaning products it does make an incredibly poisonous.! That is why the other terms for it is produced as flakes, pellets, sticks, respiratory. And cleaners Peltier is an independent audit to verify that A.D.A.M information: here. Formula is NH3 ( aq ) expert on green living and cleaning absorbs from. Ammonia ”: CAS No: 1336-21-6 as “ unionized ammonia ” include vomiting convulsions. Links to other sites weeks or months later the Environmental Protection Agency ( EPA..

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